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Overview of Childhood Nervous System Disorders

Catagory: Neurodevelopmental disorders Author: Dr Rohit Kiran Cherukuri
Nervous-System-Disorders-in-Childre

Overview of Childhood Nervous System Disorder

 

The human nervous system is sensitive to a wide range of situations and may be affected by traumas, structural abnormalities, blood flow disturbances, and other causes. It is a complex,  dynamic system that regulates and organises body activities. Various disorders that might be chronic or brought on by outside factors fall under the broad category of nervous system diseases. Children’s brains are far more sensitive than adults. 

From the time a baby is produced until around age 26, the brain grows and develops. Brain development is influenced by both genes and traumatic events, and as a consequence, certain children may face issues that lead to neurological diseases. 

We will first learn about what the nervous system is and how it works before moving on to the subject of an Overview of Nervous System Disorders in Children. 

The nervous system is the human body’s most intricate and well-organized system. By means of nerves, it gathers data from the sensory organs, transmits it to the brain through the spinal cord, and then analyses it there. Most of our internal functions, including muscle contraction, blood vessel enlargement, learning about anatomy and physiology, and our body’s responses to the environment,  are controlled by the nervous system. 

Two components make up the nervous system. 

  1. The nervous system, or CNS 
  2. The nerve system of the periphery 

The brain and spinal cord are two elements of the central nervous system. Nerves and sensory organs make up the peripheral nervous system. Neurons in Nervous Tissue Send Quick Signals.  Neurotransmitters Are the Activators of the Nervous System. The spinal cord communicates with the brain to transmit and receive messages and to regulate actions. Views are connected to intricate memory, emotion, and cognition processes in the brain. 

Causes: A wide range of circumstances may lead to neurological illnesses. They may happen at any time, from before birth to later in life, to a kid. Idiopathic illnesses are ones in which the cause of the ailment is unclear. On the other hand, the majority of illnesses fall into one of the following  categories: 

Congenital (or present at birth) disorders include things like metabolic illnesses, chromosomal or gene abnormalities, and congenital deformities. 

Pre/Perinatal – This category includes elements such as a difficult delivery, a low birth weight, a lack of oxygen, infections, and exposure to contaminants in the environment. 

Examples of acquired ailments that manifest after birth include traumatic brain injury,  immunological disorders, infections, spinal cord injuries, malignancies, and environmental toxins. 

The best way to handle problems with the nervous system is to get professional medical help. Even if you don’t need all of the team members at once, knowing who they are and how they can assist is still helpful. Depending on which part of the nervous system is affected and what is causing it,  different nervous system diseases have different symptoms. Long-term progression of nervous system illnesses may result in functional loss. Additionally, they have the ability to materialise out of thin air and pose a grave danger.

Symptoms: For your kid to get the right treatment, the sickness must be correctly diagnosed. Your baby may display a variety of symptoms since there are so many distinct brain illnesses. Medical specialists may see indicators right away after the baby is delivered, or you may not notice any more problems until a few days later. Additionally, it may not always be easy to distinguish the symptoms and indicators. For instance, seizures may be overt or subtle depending on the circumstance, such as in the case of a pseudotumor. The following is a list of the most typical signs of nervous system disorders. Each child will, however, exhibit unique symptoms, and diverse illnesses will result in varying symptoms.

Signs and symptoms include: 

Spasms and seizures are uncontrollable jerking motions that might affect the whole body or just a  single muscle. Anywhere these symptoms appear, they are a huge warning indication of an epileptic disorder. You should never overlook these symptoms in your child since they might seriously harm their neurological system as a whole. 

Muscle issues: If your child walks or moves with a particularly rigid posture, or if they are unable to control their arms and legs, appearing floppy like puppets, an evaluation is necessary. 

Coordination: This may be seen about the time a child starts to crawl or walk. The signs of this illness include a sluggish gait, stooping rather than standing straight up, and balancing on one’s toes. 

Focus: When it comes to attention issues, there are two situations. On the one hand, your child can find it challenging to focus for extended periods of time. Unlike children, who become better at paying attention as they get older, people with neurological issues do not. On the opposite end of the spectrum is the child who is so preoccupied with one thing that they miss the rest of their environment. 

Prevention is preferable to treatment. 

 

The greatest chance for a healthy life for your kid is early neurological illness screening. Early intervention may assist to lessen the challenges that come with a handicap, but many neurological illnesses in children may need treatment for the rest of their lives. Make an appointment with our pediatric neurologist at Complete Neurological Care soon away if you see any anomalies in your baby’s development. 

Get adequate sleep, have a balanced diet, and engage in frequent exercise. Excessive pharmaceutical use may be the most frequent cause of nervous system diseases in elderly people.  Avoid colas and other caffeinated drinks since they might cause memory loss and confusion. Have your hearing and vision checked if you have trouble hearing or seeing. If you have poor hearing or vision, it is challenging for your brain to record information. 

The ongoing changes in the brain have an impact on a person’s personality, thoughts, and interactions with their surroundings. The brain and neurological system of a youngster are essential to their survival in this scenario. Every disease has a treatment, and with the correct knowledge and persistence, it may be cured. This summary of pediatric nervous system problems will assist you and any nearby youngsters in spotting a condition and, who knows, maybe even save a child’s life.  Never refuse information in any form, and learn all you can about medicine since it might come in handy one day.